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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Travel -> 
Ancient villages in modern Shenzhen (I)
    2014-08-18  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    As a blooming metropolis in China, Shenzhen is known for its energetic and dynamic modern lifestyle. However, many people may not know that there are still some ancient villages in the city that have witnessed all the interesting changes the area has undergone.Dapeng Fortress,

    Dapeng New AreaAbout 55 kilometers from the city center is Dapeng Fortress in Dapeng New Area, which is one of the city’s top eight scenic spots.

    Sprawling 110,000 square meters on the district’s shoreline, the fortress is the most complete military fortress from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) in Southeast China. It was built in 1394 by a general called Zhang Bin to resist Japanese pirates.

    The best preserved area is the 2,500-square-meter mansion of General Lai Enjue, who led Chinese troops in fishing boats to defeat the better-equipped British troops in the waters off Kowloon, Hong Kong, in 1839. Other must-see spots in the fortress include the barns and Goddess Temple.

    The fortress has a very important meaning for Shenzhen since the city is named after it — the nickname of Shenzhen is “Pengcheng” (the City of Peng), which refers to the mythological roc bird in Chinese.

    Add: Pengcheng Village, Dapeng Township, Dapeng New Area (大鹏新区大鹏镇鹏城村)

    Buses: B756, 928Guanlan Original Print Industry Base, Bao’an District

    Located in the northeast of Guanlan Township in Bao’an District, the Guanlan Original Print Industry Base is a tribute to Chen Yanqiao (1911-1970), a pioneer printmaker, educator and art theorist.

    The base was built in the 300-year-old Dashuitian Village, which was Chen’s hometown. It has a long history of print art.

    In this village, there are many ancient residential buildings and temples that were transformed into art studios.

    Other ancient spots include wells, trees, pagodas and fortresses.

    The village is also an ideal place to see flowers. There is a large lavender field in the area, and wild flowers can be seen everywhere in the village.

    The village is now an industry base for print art, offering a platform for academic and commercial development by promoting five projects, including the Guanlan International Print Biennial, a print workshop, and the original print fair.

    Add: Dashuitian Village, Niuhu Community, Bao’an District (宝安区牛湖社区观澜大水田村)

    Buses: 312, 771 Located in Fenghuang Community, Fuyong Subdistrict, Fenghuang Ancient Village has a history of more than 700 years.

    Covering an area of 52,000 square meters, the village is home to 64 buildings built during the Ming and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties and 96 buildings built during the Republic of China period. It is one of the largest ancient villages in Guangdong Province with the best-preserved traditional Cantonese-style buildings.

    In the village, there are 69 residential buildings, nearly 10 private schools, 12 temples, 12 ancient wells, 12 ancient trees, and six main ancient lanes. Some of the ancient buildings have stood for more than 500 years. Among them, a Wenchang Pagoda is the landmark of the village.

    The village is also famous for its sculptures. According to records, there are more than 2,000 groups of clay sculptures, more than 3,600 groups of wood engraved sculptures, more than 500 groups of rock sculptures and more than 1,000 wall murals.

    It is said that the village was built by the descendants of Wen Tianxiang (1236-1283), a well-known scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). It is said that Wen’s grandson, Wen Yingling in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), founded the village. Today, 90 percent of the villagers are surnamed Wen.

    Add: Foot of Fenghuang Mountain, Fuyong Subdistrict, Bao’an District (宝安区福永街道办凤凰山脚下)

    Buses: 107, 234, 236, 967 (Wang Yuanyuan)

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