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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Lifestyle -> 
Is it possible to prevent arthritis?
    2014-09-05  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    WEARING a copper bracelet around your wrist — if only preventing arthritis was that simple. But you really can take steps to protect your joints at your workplace, on the playing field and in your day-to-day life. And you’re never too young — being proactive now may help keep you arthritis-free in the future.

    What do hairstylists, jackhammer operators, paper cutters, sheep shearers and veterinary techs have in common? Their work involves repetitive movements that can damage joints over time, says Jonathan Krant, chief of rheumatology for Adirondack Health Systems in Saranac Lake, New York.

    Office workers may not deal with heavy machinery, but they’re not immune to joint injuries. Here are some tips:

    If you sit at work, ensure your chair supports your lower and mid-back and your elbow rests at a 90-degree angle to the keyboard. Sit straight with square shoulders, and walk around every 20 minutes.

    If you stand, keep straight and keep moving. Adjust your workstation to match your size and activity; sit when possible; stay flexible; use footrests to shift weight from one leg to another; use elbow supports for precision work to reduce tension; and wear supportive footwear.

    If you’re active, give your body a break. Slow down and take regular short breaks, and change an activity to reduce stress on joints.

    If you lift objects, plan your movements first. Keep the load close to your waist, push heavy objects, keep your head up and back straight as possible, and distribute weight evenly.

    No matter what you do, stretch your joints regularly to prevent stiffness and pain. Consider assistive devices to make repetitive movements easier on joints.

    According to The Arthritis Society based in Canada, each extra pound of body weight loads on another 6 pounds of stress to a joint. For young and middle-aged adults who are obese or overweight, the recommendation is that they lose weight — preferably 10 percent of their body weight — through a combination of nutritional counseling and exercise. (SD-Agencies)

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