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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Lifestyle -> 
Things to know about your feet
    2016-01-08  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    YOU are hard on your feet, likely taking at least 8,000 steps a day. It’s time to start paying more attention. Begin here: We asked podiatrists what you can do to keep your feet in top condition. Consider their advice a step in the right direction.

    Don’t go barefoot

    in a public shower

    Gym showers and locker-room floors are a big-time breeding ground for the fungus that causes athlete’s foot, so be sure to wear flip flops or water shoes, says Casey Ann Pidich, an associate at Big Apple Foot & Ankle Care in New York City. Take extra care drying your feet too, working the towel in between your toes. By the same token, if you book a pedicure grab the first appointment of the day when the tubs are likely to be the cleanest.

    Your feet can clue you in to your overall health

    For example, if the hair on your toes suddenly disappears and the skin on your feet gets thinner or shiner, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) — poor circulation caused by a buildup of plaque in the leg arteries — may be to blame, says Amanda Meszaros, a podiatrist in Oberlin, Ohio. PAD is a major red flag for heart problems or a stroke since clogged arteries in the legs are usually associated with blockages elsewhere in the body. Also look out for extremely dry skin and foot ulcers that don’t heal; they may be triggered by undiagnosed diabetes since high blood glucose levels decrease sweat and oil production, points out Meszaros.

    Pointy pumps are the worst

    Shoes that push the big toe into smaller toes set you up for bunions, bumps that form over the bone at the base of the big toe, says Pidich. The skin overlying the bunion may become red, irritated, and swollen, making walking painful. Your ideal high heels: ones with a wide toe box and heels under two inches.

    The length of your toes

    is a big deal

    If your second toe is longer than your first toe, you’re at increased risk for bunions, hammer toes (ones that are bent downward), and even back problems due to how you distribute pressure throughout your body, says Robert F. Weiss, director of the Foot & Ankle Institute at Stamford Hospital in Connecticut. “All the weight should push off your first toe, but when the second one is longer, it rolls and flattens, causing all kinds of foot problems,” he explains. If you do have this condition, talk to your podiatrist about the best kind of footwear for the shape of your feet.

    Toenail fungus is so stubborn

    If your toenails have started to discolor or are becoming thicker and more brittle, chances are fungus is to blame. “While nails clear up in time by taking antifungal pills, your risk of a reoccurrence is high so I recommend a topical cream to help prevent it,” says Timothy Swartz, chief of podiatry of Kaiser Permanente Mid-Atlantic region. Keeping your foot dry — and changing out of sweaty socks — can help prevent the fungus from rearing its ugly head in the first place.

    Your feet really

    are getting bigger

    Even if you didn’t put on weight, chances are you went up at least a half-size in the last decade. Feet become both longer and wider as you age because the tendons and ligaments that link tiny bones lose elasticity. Get your feet measured at least once a year so you know your true size, suggests Dr. Swartz. Wearing shoes that don’t fit properly can cause more than discomfort — it can create or accelerate a bunion or cause blisters, among other issues.(SD-Agencies)

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