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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Budding Writers -> 
Why are we short on water?
    2016-09-07  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    As is known to all, no creature on Earth can survive without water. We drink water to keep our bodies functioning, so do animals. Even plants need water to grow. Clearly, water plays an extremely important role in a creature’s life. Therefore, it’s necessary for human beings to investigate the problems related to the global water shortage and to analyze the causes of it so as to make good use of our water.

    Recently, I read an article called ”For Want of a Drink.” It inspired me to think about the problem of global water resources.

    Above all, as far as the writer is concerned, the increasing population directly results in chronic shortage of water. In the past, due to various factors such as wars, disasters, and poor irrigation techniques, people were less likely to give birth to babies or have a long life expectancy.

    As a result, the water in each region was sufficient for farming, drinking and washing. Then, with the green revolution came the spread of irrigation-based farming and since then the population all over the world has consistently grown. The pressure of an increasing population which is heading for 9 billion people by 2050 will be a crucial problem for mankind to deal with.

    In addition to the growing number of mouths to feed, materialism and over-consumption in general are leading to a global water shortage. Nowadays, when you walk into a supermarket, abundant food and products of all varieties make you feel dizzy. There is no wonder that people today are living with higher standards thanks to advanced scientific technology.

    However, we should keep in mind that the pursuit of a higher quality life requires much higher water usage per capita. But frankly speaking, whatever standards we have, higher standards should not be to blame. Instead, we should focus on improving our capacity to make good use of water.

    Last but not least, industrial and domestic activities can be put in the spotlight. For one thing, in most countries nowadays, manufacturing as well as the service industry not only account for the main income of a country but have turned out to be the driving force of their GDPs.

    So it seems a trend that we have to utilize more water to produce more stuff. For another, domestic awareness of saving water has not caught up with the pace of technology development yet, resulting in growing domestic water usage in recent years.

    Indeed, from my point of view, the causes of the present global water shortage requires further discussion and explanation. It is so complicated because water is vulnerable. Only after understanding the causes of water shortage can we human beings deal with it better and develop a sustainable society for our own and coming generations.

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