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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Budding Writers -> 
How to analyze and comprehend long and difficult sentences
    2016-11-30  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    A long summer vacation was over. During this meaningful holiday, I read lots of English books, such as “Twilight,” “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” and “Round the World in Eighty Days,” which enriched my thoughts. However, in the process of reading, I also met some difficulties with new words, culture shock and the comprehension of long difficult sentences in particular. Mostly, I could know the meaning of every single word, but I just could not understand the sentence’s meaning when these words constituted a long sentence.

    Fortunately, my teacher Rose gave us a lesson on how to analyze and comprehend long and difficult sentences during the first week of this semester. At the beginning of this class, I found that not just me, but most of us students had the same problem. So, we were all excited about having this lesson.

    Firstly, Rose let us read a long sentence to see if we could comprehend it. We made great efforts, but couldn’t translate it well. Then Rose told us that was because we did not analyze the sentence properly so we couldn’t understand it clearly. Thus, she taught us how to find the subject, the predicate and the object of the sentence, which was the key to understanding long sentences.

    First, we should find the subject, then the predicate and the object of the sentence, while neglecting the modifiers. After that, we should analyze the modifiers to recognize their functions so that we can understand the sentence completely.

    Eventually, combined with what we had learned in this lesson, Rose introduced to us a new strategy called practicing naturalistically which required us to input authentic English, so that we can output authentic English so as to communicate with foreigners. She emphasized that we should choose English books written by native speakers to improve our reading and to read for pleasure instead of reading passages written by Chinese people meant for boring multiple choice questions on the NCEE (The National College Entrance English Exam).

    What’s more, in the beginning we should choose a suitable book that we can read without having to look up new words in the dictionary. To apply this strategy, I began to read more English books and watch more English movies as a part of my daily English practice.

    Gradually, I found I could understand the authors more deeply and easily and did not have difficulty in understanding long sentences any more.

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