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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Opinion -> 
Chinese leadership supportive of innovation
    2017-03-06  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    Wu Guangqiang

    jw368@163.com

    WORLDWIDE an intense “arms race” is currently under way in the automotive industry, which will redefine the very future of how people and goods move from place to place. The race is the development of self-driving vehicles.

    When it comes to the front-runners of self-driving vehicle research, such big names may come to mind as Apple, Alphabet and Tesla, all high-tech giants with prodigious financial resources and advanced technology.

    Yet the biggest dark horse may be a Chinese company: Baidu, one of China’s largest Internet companies and the world’s largest Chinese search engine. It is most likely to become the world’s first company to begin selling self-driving cars as early as 2018. One of its competitors Apple has hoped to bring its much-discussed Project Titan to market by 2019.

    Suzanne Frey, director of The Motley Fool, a U.S.-based multimedia financial-services company, stated in a recent article that China would outpace the U.S. in the race of autonomous automobile development as the U.S. Government is moving too slowly to promote the emerging industry with a potential hundred-billion-dollar windfall.

    Why, then, has China, a latecomer in the driverless vehicle sector, leapt ahead of the U.S. in this once-in-a-lifetime business opportunity? It’s not that China has some Midas Touch, but that the Chinese Government is open-minded to and roots for all innovations that will benefit the nation and its people.

    

    According to The New York Times, many local governments around China have offered Baidu support in supervision and infrastructure. In some cities, designated routes have been offered for Baidu auto buses. In contrast, automobile developers in the U.S. are still pleading with the government to loosen restrictions on the testing of self-driving vehicles.

    As the British newspaper The Guardian pointed out, a great amount of readjustment needs to be done to boost the development of self-driving cars, and China is capable of adopting massive and rapid changes to facilitate the emerging industry.

    So is the case with other fields of innovation. With the Chinese Government’s full support, China has been witnessing the flourishing of a variety of innovative sectors including Internet financing, online payment, artificial intelligence, car-sharing and bike-sharing.

    Few governments in today’s world are more supportive of innovation and entrepreneurship than the Chinese Government.

    It has been a top-priority policy for the Chinese Government to encourage mass entrepreneurship and innovation since the Xi Jinping-led new leadership took office in 2013. In 2015, the State Council, China’s Cabinet, issued a circular outlining the State’s all-round supportive measures to facilitate grass-roots innovation and entrepreneurship drive.

    Some incentive measures are impressive. For example, researchers from institutions of higher learning or scientific research institutions who hope to start their own business can do so without sacrificing their current employment status for up to three years. Researchers working in scientific institutions are entitled to benefiting from their research results through arrangements such as stock rights, share options and dividends. They are also encouraged to offer paid services to businesses.

    University students are also encouraged to realize their entrepreneurship dreams while studying on campus, which was unimaginable previously. Ambitious and talented students can start and run their own business and their achievements can also earn them credits!

    College graduates can enjoy many preferential policies if they choose to start a business, including preferential taxes, venture funding, employee recruiting and entrepreneurial guidance.

    Greater efforts have been made to lure overseas talents, especially returnees with overseas educational background. Foreign talents who want to display their capability in China now have an easier access to visas, permanent residence and other documents. Overseas returnees will find it easier to fit back into society as the State will provide support for them in health care, housing, social security and children’s education so that they can focus on research or entrepreneurship.

    These efforts have scored fruitful achievements! In Shenzhen alone, under the Peacock Program aimed at attracting high-end talents, had by the end of 2015, introduced 1,219 high-level talents from overseas, of whom 58 percent have doctorate degrees and 40 percent have master’s degrees.

    Exceptional talents have created wonderful products: DJI’s drones, Kuang-Chi Science’s Martin Jetpack and Daya Bay Experiment’s third neutrino oscillation mode, all world-leading achievements.

    (The author is an English tutor and freelance writer.)

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Shenzhen Daily E-mail:szdaily@szszd.com.cn