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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Oman: ‘Beauty Has an Address’
    2017-July-17  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Arab country of Oman is located on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula, with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. Iran and Pakistan lie across the Gulf of Oman, which is at the mouth of the strategically important Persian Gulf. The country also has two noncontiguous territories, Madha and Musandam, surrounded by the UAE.

The capital city of Muscat, on the Gulf of Oman, was once among the most important trading ports on the Indian Ocean. It was key to Oman’s extensive power from the 17th century to the 20th, when its power declined. But in its heyday, Oman’s reach extended to Iran and Pakistan, and all the way down to Tanzania on the African continent.

Like most of its neighbors, Oman is an Arabic-speaking Islamic country. It is an absolute monarchy, under the rule of a sultan who is also the prime minister. The current leader, Sultan Qaboos, has served longer than any other Middle-Eastern ruler, and he is the world’s fourth-longest reigning monarch. His campaign of economic reforms and modernization began in 1970.

Predictably, Oman’s primary export is oil, but the country’s economy is somewhat more diversified than those of the nearby states.

Its fastest-growing industry is tourism. Tourists can experience bleak mountains cut with wadis, vast deserts, pristine beaches, and fjords which have earned it the nickname “the Norway of the Middle East.”

Built heritage includes the Grand Mosque of Sultan Qaboos, located up against the Hajar Mountains (which form a wall between the coastal plains and the inland desert); the elegant buildings along the corniche of Muttrah (a district of Muscat); the Royal Opera House, whose eclectic programs include everything from classical music and opera to jazz and Arabic music; the Al Alam Palace (home to the Sultan); and the nearby National Museum.

Also of interest is the Frankincense Trail, an ancient trade route in the south of the country akin to the Silk Road. It linked Oman, Yemen and northern Somalia to markets in Egypt, India, Greece and Rome.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. cliff-lined inlets of the sea

2. not connected

3. Islamic ruler

4. road built along a cliff

5. dry riverbeds

6. high-quality tree resin used in religious ceremonies

7. pure, not dirty

8. related to

9. made up of different types

10. period of greatest energy or strength

 

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