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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Special Report -> 
City’s botanical research gains fruitful accomplishments
    2017-07-24  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

Over the past 30 years, Shenzhen has made countless breakthroughs in botanical research thanks to the city’s rich biodiversity and prioritization of botanical research and biodiversity protection. Currently, there are a number of top-notch universities, research institutes and enterprises based in Shenzhen aimed at beefing up the development of the plant sciences in the city.

Botanical research

As a coastal city occupying almost 2,000 square kilometers, Shenzhen is home to several thousand kinds of plants.

In 2006, the National Orchid Germplasm Resource Conservation Center in Shenzhen and Tsinghua University’s Shenzhen Graduate School jointly discovered the new pollination pattern of Holcoglossum amesianum. The discovery was published as a cover story in Nature, marking the first time that Shenzhen’s scientific research findings have been published in a top-notch global journal.

BGI, the world’s leading genomics research center, set up its headquarters in Shenzhen in 2007. The institute has completed transcriptome sequencing of over 1,000 species of plants and conducted whole-genome sequencing for a wide range of plants. By working with over 100 prominent botanists from across the globe between 2009 and 2017, the institute has conducted gene discovery as well as comparative and evolutionary analysis of 1,174 kinds of plants under a program called “1KP Initiative”.

A program was initiated by BGI in 2010 that aimed to build the world’s largest plant and animal genome database. Currently, the program has launched 262 plant genome projects, completed gene sequencing for 130 kinds of crops and obtained 20,000 pieces of genome data on agricultural plants.

The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences has set up its bio-breeding innovation institute and an agricultural genomics institute in Shenzhen, which has strengthened the city’s capacity for industrializing botanical research findings.

The research team led by Sanwen Huang, a professor at the Agricultural Genomics Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Shenzhen, has published articles about the team’s major breakthroughs in Nature Plants and Science.

Germplasm resources

The Fairy Lake Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shenzhen has spent 12 years compiling a monograph titled “Flora of Shenzhen”, which contains the most comprehensive and detailed information about plant species in Shenzhen.

After learning about the severe situation of endangered plants, the city government responded quickly to tackle the problem. The first government-led program in China for the reintroduction of endangered plants was carried out at Fairy Lake Botanical Garden.

 

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