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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Seychelles: another world
    2017-October-10  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

At first glance, one might be forgiven for supposing that the Republic of Seychelles is part of Oceania. After all, it lies around 1,500 kilometers from the nearest large landmass. Nevertheless, just as Japan and the Philippines are considered parts of Asia, and South America claims such outlying islands as Aruba and Trinidad and Tobago, so the Seychelles are considered a part of Africa. They lie not too far from such other islands as Comoros, Madagascar, Reunion and Mauritius, all of which have at some point been under French influence.

Seychelles is made up of 115 islands, with the capital — Victoria — on the largest of them, Mahe. The islands were named after the minister of finance under France’s King Louis XV — Jean Moreau de Sechelles. To this day, French is an official language, along with English and a Seychellois Creole.

The country is a unitary republic led by an elected president who appoints a cabinet. There is also an elected parliament, and there are two major political parties.

The Seychelles were long uninhabited, though evidence in the form of tombs (now destroyed) indicates that they were probably visited by seafarers from other Pacific islands, and later by Arab traders. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to record sighting of the islands in 1502; the British were first to land over a century later, in 1609. The islands sometimes provided refuge to pirates until the French started to assert their power. British control began around 1794, and the country gained its independence from England in 1976.

Since independence, Seychelles’ economy has gone from largely agricultural to a more diversified one which includes tourism, service and public sectors. Foreign investment has helped upgrade those sectors, and the country has one of Africa’s highest GDPs. It also has a high Human Development Index, unlike other African countries. However, its wealth is concentrated into a few hands. Having one of the highest income gaps in the world means that a significant amount of people live in poverty.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. improve, make better

2. people who travel in boats

3. away from the center

4. seeing, noticing

5. varied, having differences

6. used for comparing two things

7. chooses, selects

8. differences between the richest and poorest people

9. burial places

10. place of safety

 

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