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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Timeless Tuvalu
    2017-October-12  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

If you’ve never heard of Tuvalu, it may be because for many years it was known as the Ellice Islands. You may, however, know it another way: the top-level Internet domain “.tv” has been licensed by the Tuvaluan government for use by television-related companies.

The history of the name is a little confusing: One island, Funafati, was named Ellice’s Island after a British politician. The name was later generalized by a hydrographer to a group of nine islands that included the one. Administered jointly with the Gilbert Islands by the British, in 1976 the two groups were separated and became Tuvalu and Kiribati; each group achieved independence from Britain in 1978 and 1979 respectively, and in 2000 Tuvalu joined the United Nations.

The name “Tuvalu,” by the way, means “eight standing together.” Although the nation includes nine islands, only eight were inhabited traditionally, and the longstanding usage stuck.

The islands lie in Polynesia, roughly halfway from Hawaii to Australia, easily found by tracing a line due north from Fiji. The nine islands have an area of only 26 square kilometers. The population is less than 11,000, over half of whom live on that same Funafati, which is also the nation’s capital.

Predictably, there are two official languages: the native tongue, Tuvaluan, and English brought by the former colonizers.

Tuvalu is a parliamentary democracy. As it is a member of the Commonwealth, Queen Elizabeth II of England is the country’s head of state; she is thus the Queen of Tuvalu. Every four years, the people elect 15 members of the parliament; they in turn designate one of their members as prime minister, who is head of the government and also serves as speaker of the parliament.

Although the constitution of Tuvalu guarantees religious freedoms, 97 percent of the islanders belong to the state church, the Church of Tuvalu. A small number of other Christians (including Roman Catholics), Seventh-day Adventists, Muslims, and members of the Baha’i Faith, also live on the islands.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. language

2. lasting for a long time

3. remained, didn’t change

4. .com, .net, .org, for example

5. as one would expect

6. name, select

7. one who maps the earth’s surface waters, especially for navigation

8. usual way of saying something

9. in this way, consequently

10. used with a wider meaning

 

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