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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Saint Kitts and Nevis — Follow your heart
    2017-November-14  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Caribbean island country of Saint Kitts and Nevis is composed of two islands named Saint Kitts and Nevis. By both area and population, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere; globally it ranks 189 of 196 in area and 188 of 195 in population. Its total area is just 261 square kilometers, smaller than Shenzhen’s Dapeng New Area. And in 2011 its population was only 46,204 — a little over twice the enrollment of the school where I used to teach in Xili.

It is located in the Lesser Antilles, which, with the Greater Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago, is one of the three main groups of the West Indies, and the one that comes closest to the South American continent. However, they are in the more northerly part of the group, away from the continent. These are called the Leeward Islands.

Back in the sailing days, the direction of wind was of paramount importance. As the wind in the area blows primarily from the southeast, the southern islands in the Lesser Antilles came to be called the “Windward Islands.” Saint Kitts and Nevis, along with many other more northerly islands in the group, are then “leeward,” the word “lee” indicating the side away from the wind.

“Saint Kitts” is actually a shortened form of “Saint Christopher.” It is said that Christopher Columbus named one of the local islands for his patron saint, but it may have been another island (now known as Saba) and the name was misapplied in a cartographic error.

The name “Nevis,” on the other hand, is from “Nuestra Senora de las Nieves” or “Our Lady of the Snows,” a reference to a fourth-century story about the miracle of snow appearing in Rome on a sweltering summer day. The name may come from the clouds wreathing a mountain on Nevis appearing like snow in a hot climate.

The two islands, separated by a channel of only three kilometers, were united by the British in the 19th century (along with a third island, Anguilla, now a separate territory). The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis today is a Commonwealth realm; Queen Elizabeth II is its head of state.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. passageway in water

2. toward the wind

3. supernatural event

4. extremely hot

5. expression of surprise

6. wrapping around, encircling

7. number of students in a school

8. when people traveled by ship

9. related to making maps

10. holy personal protector

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