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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Dominican Republic has it all
    2018-January-11  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Last year we discussed the country of Haiti, which occupies less than half of the island of Hispaniola. Today we’ll look at the Dominican Republic, which fills the other five-eighths. Hispaniola is lodged between Cuba and Jamaica to the west, and Puerto Rico to the east. These, along with the Cayman Islands, constitute the Greater Antilles archipelago.

The Dominican Republic’s population is slightly smaller than that of Haiti, making it a close third in the Caribbean (with Cuba at No.1, and Puerto Rico a distant fourth). It is also the second-largest Caribbean nation by area (after Cuba).

Christopher Columbus established Santo Domingo on Hispaniola during his first voyage. Now the Dominican Republic’s capital and largest city, it is the oldest continuously-inhabited European settlement in the New World.

The island was held by the French from 1795 to 1809. Rebellious slaves took over the western end of the island — which eventually became Haiti — but the island was reunified, again under Spanish rule. Independence from Spain followed in 1821, and in 1844, the Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti. In 1861, the DR again became a colony of Spain. It was the only country in Latin American ever to revert to colony status. Spain left again in 1865, and the ensuing decades saw significant internal strife and rampant American interventionism.

The country’s last civil war was in 1965. After over a decade under an authoritarian regime, the Dominican Republic has been moving toward a more representative form of democracy. It has the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region, and is one of the fastest-growing economies in the Americas, based largely on construction, manufacturing, tourism and mining. It is home to the Pueblo Viejo mine, the second-largest gold mine in the world.

The Dominican Republic is the Caribbean’s most visited destination. Santo Domingo’s Colonial Zone, a World Heritage Site, is the site of the first cathedral, castle, monastery and fortress built in the Americas.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. following, coming after

2. policy of interfering in another country’s affairs

3. lived in without interruption

4. after a large numerical gap

5. unchecked, without opposition

6. came together again

7. defying authority

8. go back to

9. fight between factions in the same country

10. group in power, administration

 

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