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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
United Kingdom: home of amazing moments
    2018-01-15  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Most readers will be very familiar with today’s topic. The United Kingdom is home to the language I’m writing and you’re reading, and has contributed an outsized amount to global culture — especially considering its diminutive size.

The main territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is only the world’s 78th largest country, comprising 242,495 square kilometers.

Great Britain — the island on which England, Scotland and Wales are located — is the largest island in Europe, and the ninth-largest in the world. It has the third-largest island population, after Java in Indonesia and Japan’s Honshu. Great Britain, Ireland (the island, not the country) and about 1,000 smaller islands (such as the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey), make up the British Isles.

Northern Ireland — as you would expect, the northern portion of the island of Ireland — is also part of the U.K.’s territory. The remainder of that island is taken up by the Republic of Ireland, with its capital at Dublin.

This is all very confusing. England is a country, with its capital in London. So are Scotland (Edinburgh), Wales (Cardiff) and Northern Ireland (Belfast). Yet altogether, these four make up one mega-country: the United Kingdom.

As you can see, though we often use “England” to refer to the U.K., this is synecdoche, as when the Netherlands is called “Holland.” England is smaller than the U.K. Great Britain, also sometimes truncated to simply “Britain,” is the island on which England is located. The British Isles, which include Ireland (the republic), are larger than the U.K.

Of course, the reach of the U.K. goes far beyond this archipelago. At one time an empire, then a commonwealth, the U.K. is now at the center of the Commonwealth of Nations — 52 member nations, 16 of which still look to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom as their head of state and reigning constitutional monarch. These include Canada, Australia, New Zealand, 11 Caribbean and Pacific islands and the Central American nation of Belize.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. unexpectedly large

2. shortened, abbreviated

3. king or queen

4. small, tiny

5. large

6. influence, effect

7. land that constitutes a state or nation

8. figure of speech where a part stands for the whole, or the whole for a part

9. currently in power

10. islands

James Baquet

Most readers will be very familiar with today’s topic. The United Kingdom is home to the language I’m writing and you’re reading, and has contributed an outsized amount to global culture — especially considering its diminutive size.

The main territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is only the world’s 78th largest country, comprising 242,495 square kilometers.

Great Britain — the island on which England, Scotland and Wales are located — is the largest island in Europe, and the ninth-largest in the world. It has the third-largest island population, after Java in Indonesia and Japan’s Honshu. Great Britain, Ireland (the island, not the country) and about 1,000 smaller islands (such as the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey), make up the British Isles.

Northern Ireland — as you would expect, the northern portion of the island of Ireland — is also part of the U.K.’s territory. The remainder of that island is taken up by the Republic of Ireland, with its capital at Dublin.

This is all very confusing. England is a country, with its capital in London. So are Scotland (Edinburgh), Wales (Cardiff) and Northern Ireland (Belfast). Yet altogether, these four make up one mega-country: the United Kingdom.

As you can see, though we often use “England” to refer to the U.K., this is synecdoche, as when the Netherlands is called “Holland.” England is smaller than the U.K. Great Britain, also sometimes truncated to simply “Britain,” is the island on which England is located. The British Isles, which include Ireland (the republic), are larger than the U.K.

Of course, the reach of the U.K. goes far beyond this archipelago. At one time an empire, then a commonwealth, the U.K. is now at the center of the Commonwealth of Nations — 52 member nations, 16 of which still look to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom as their head of state and reigning constitutional monarch. These include Canada, Australia, New Zealand, 11 Caribbean and Pacific islands and the Central American nation of Belize.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. unexpectedly large

2. shortened, abbreviated

3. king or queen

4. small, tiny

5. large

6. influence, effect

7. land that constitutes a state or nation

8. figure of speech where a part stands for the whole, or the whole for a part

9. currently in power

10. islands

 

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