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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Nigeria: good people, great nation
    2018-01-18  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country, with nearly double the population of No. 2, Ethiopia. It has been called the “Giant of Africa” owing to the size of both its population and its economy. Indeed, it is the seventh most populous country in the world, though only the 14th-largest African country by area, and 31st worldwide.

Located in West Africa, it is to the east of Benin, south of Niger, and west of Cameroon. It shares a very short border with Chad in the northeast (just 87 kilometers), and the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, is to its south.

Like many African countries, Nigeria has a complex history of kingdoms and tribal states, European colonial status and ultimate independence. A colony of the British Empire in the 19th and 20th centuries, independence came with Commonwealth Realm status in 1960. This meant that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom remained the head of state, a situation which changed when Nigeria became a republic in 1963.

The almost inevitable civil war followed from 1967 to 1970, after which military juntas ruled from 1970 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1999, with a short-lived republic between the two. Since 1999, Nigeria has been a democratic secular nation.

Due to its history, Nigeria’s official language is English. Other major languages include Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba — all of which are also the names of the tribes who speak them — as well as over 500 other tribal languages spoken by smaller numbers of people.

Unlike many African countries, roughly half of Nigeria’s population practice Christianity (mainly in the south), and Muslims occupy the north. A small minority practice indigenous religions, including those of the Igbo and Yoruba.

Nigeria’s economy is booming. Already the world’s 20th largest, it has been identified as one of the “Next Eleven” economies poised to become among the biggest in the world sometime in the 21st century, after the well-known BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Other Next Eleven countries are Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Pakistan, the Philippines, Turkey, South Korea and Vietnam.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. complicated

2. unavoidable, to be expected

3. growing quickly

4. native, originating in that place

5. small groups ruling a country

6. final, at last

7. of a local native group

8. live in

9. not religious

10. positioned, set (to do something)

 

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