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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Pristine paradise Palau
    2018-01-22  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Let’s take a look at Palau, a string of some 340 islands covering an area of 466 square kilometers (180 square miles) in the western Pacific Ocean. It forms the western portion of the Caroline Islands; the Federated States of Micronesia are the eastern part of the Carolines, which were once called the New Philippines. Indonesia, the Philippines and the Federated States of Micronesia are Palau’s nearest (though not at all near) neighbors, to the south, west and east, respectively.

Palau seems to have been settled by Negrito migrants from the Philippines about 3,000 years ago. The Negritos are some of the “first peoples” of Austronesia, and still inhabit the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, part of Peninsular Malaysia, Southern Thailand and the Philippines, where over 30 different groups are found. As the name implies, they are black in appearance, though they have more in common with other islanders than with continental Africans.

However, less than a thousand years ago, that first indigenous population was replaced by migrants from the Sunda Islands, a group which includes Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Bali, Timor, and others.

The islands that now constitute Palau came to the attention of Europeans in the 16th century, and became part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574. Germany took over in 1899, after the break-up of the Spanish Empire, and administered them as part of German New Guinea.

They came under Japanese dominance during World War I, and after skirmishes between U.S. and Japanese troops during World War II, they became part of the U.S.-administered Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. They gained full autonomy in 1974.

Palau is a presidential republic in “free association” with the United States. This means the United States provides some defense, funding and social services to the people of Palau, but they administer their own government and economy.

Naturally, then, English is one of Palau’s two official languages; the other is the native Palauan tongue. Japanese and some other regional languages are also spoken.

Vocabulary:

Which words above mean:

1. pure;

2. people who relocate from one region to another;

3. battles;

4. all the islands of the central and south Pacific;

5. Southeast Asia, as distinguished from the West Indies in the Caribbean;

6. indigenous ethnic groups;

7. self-government;

8. Spanish for “small black people;”

9. money for a particular program or project;

10. suggests

 

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