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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Business -> 
China supersizes pig farms to cut costs in pork market
    2018-02-08  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

SURROUNDED by mountains in a remote part of southwestern China, the first large-scale and modern pig farm of Xinguangan, one of the country’s largest livestock farming enterprises, is getting ready to produce its first offspring.

By the end of the year, 10,000 sows will live inside two huge barns on this 180-acre site, producing up to 280,000 piglets annually, or about 20,000 tons of pork.

The farm, big even by American standards, is one of a record number of large-scale projects that will be built in China this year as it shifts a big chunk of its pork production from backyard pig pens to automated, intensive hog barns of the kind widely used in the United States.

Some in the industry estimate it could build several hundred sow farms with about 5,000 to 8,000 heads this year, even more than last year, accelerating the transformation of the world’s biggest pork industry.

Larger, more standardized farms are also paving the way to a more sophisticated market, with China approving this week a live hog futures contract to help farmers hedge price risks.

But there are also doubts about China’s ability to pull off such a rapid leap from age-old traditional methods to cutting-edge industrial production, given the shortage of experienced people and the high risk of disease.

“Industrialization has never been this big before,” said Martin Jensen, executive partner at Carthage & MHJ Agritech Consulting, which runs large farms for Chinese clients and trains staff.

The overhaul comes as hundreds of thousands of backyard farms are shuttered, too small to bear the cost of meeting new pollution standards. This is opening up room for mega-farms using new methods and imported genetics to boost productivity and cut costs.

Higher output from these farms will tame China’s notorious pork price volatility, raise food safety standards, and improve the environment, say experts.

In the long term, it also could turn China’s pork producers into international competitors, offering quality, competitively priced meat to regional markets.

“As more large firms enter the market, food safety will increase and costs will drop. Global competitiveness will increase and China will certainly export,” said Fang Shijun, chief researcher at research firm Huitong Data.

Fang predicts a growing surplus of pork from 2018 to 2020, as production grows amid slowing domestic demand.

(SD-Agencies)

 

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