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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Rendezvous en France
    2018-02-12  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

If it weren’t for France — and particularly their conquest of England in 1066 — the language I’ve been writing about all these years would be vastly different. It’s estimated that 30 to 45 percent of English words come from French.

Take a look at the French tourism slogan, which is the title of this article. “Rendezvous” is an unadorned English word, meaning “a meeting of two or more people at a certain time and place,” or, perhaps, the agreement to do so. But it comes from two French words that create an imperative: “Rendez” is “present” (similar to the English verb “render,” also from French) and “vous” meaning “you.” So it means “Present yourself.”

But beyond language, the influence of French culture on world culture is incalculable. Start with the Enlightenment, the 18th-century movement which owed much to French thinkers like Descartes, Diderot, Montesquieu, Rousseau and Voltaire. These ideas in turn inspired Americans like Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson (both of whom spent time in Paris). Modern science also owes much to Enlightenment thinking.

In the arts, modern painting and sculpture — one thinks of the Impressionists — have their roots in France. Great music, classical (Bizet, Ravel, Debussy) and popular (Piaf, Legrand, Reinhardt), has come from there. The first names in photography — Nicephore Niepce and Louis Daguerre — were French, and French photographers continue to have an enormous influence on that art. Likewise, an exhibition by the Lumiere brothers in Paris in 1895 is considered the birth of cinema.

And let’s not forget fashion and food. France’s influence on the world cannot be overestimated.

A few quick facts: Metropolitan France — which does not include its overseas territories — borders the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It has land borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. The population is over 67 million (making it No. 21 in the world) and it has the world’s 10th-largest total GDP.

Vocabulary:

Which words above mean:

1. held in too great esteem

2. animated, caused action

3. specifically, especially

4. members of a 19th art movement

5. provide, offer

6. unable to be estimated

7. (grammar) command or request

8. plain, without decoration

9. the art of making statues

10. group of people acting on a common idea

 

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