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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Turkey: Be our guest
    2018-03-01  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

While sometimes referred to as a Middle Eastern country, Turkey occupies an interesting position, straddling (like Russia) the division between Europe and Asia. A chain of bodies of water — the Bosporus Strait, the Sea of Marmora, and the Dardenelles, all located within Turkey’s borders — runs from the Black Sea to the Aegean and demarks the line between Europe on the west and Asia on the east. The Black Sea is — surprisingly — considered a “marginal sea” of the Atlantic, as from the Aegean it’s smooth sailing through the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.

The city of Istanbul — once known as Constantinople and the capital of the Roman/Byzantine (330-1204 and 1261-1453), Latin (1204-1261) and Ottoman (1453-1922) empires (though Ankara is Turkey’s modern capital) — actually straddles the Bosporus, which thus played an enormous role in European history. The East/West connection is embodied in an amusing expression. If someone were to convert from the Catholic (Western) form of Christianity to Eastern Orthodoxy, he would be said to have “crossed the Bosporus.”

The western portion of Turkey is rather small, comprised of Eastern Thrace (called “European Turkey”). Northern Thrace is in southeastern Bulgaria, and Western Thrace is in northeastern Greece. The bulk of Turkey, then, is in Asia. The Black Sea is to its north; Georgia, Armenia and Iran are to its west; Iraq, Syria and the Eastern Mediterranean Sea to its south; and the Aegean, Greece and Bulgaria to the west.

The American bird known as the turkey, incidentally, is so named because it resembles the guinea fowl, a bird which used to be imported from its native Madagascar to Europe through Turkey, and was thus called a “Turkey fowl.”

Over 85 percent of Turks speak Turkish as a first language. Nearly 12 percent speak Kurdish, and Arabic and a smattering of other languages are spoken as mother tongues. Though Turkey has no official religion, about 82 percent of the populace is Muslim, and 2 percent Christian, another 13 percent religiously unaffiliated.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. not aligned or connected with something

2. a small amount

3. on the edge

4. farm-type birds, more broadly, any bird

5. change religions

6. given visible form

7. narrow passage connecting two lakes, seas, etc.

8. looks like

9. lakes, seas, rivers, streams, etc.

10. people living in a place; inhabitants

 

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