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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Visit Sweden
    2018-03-20  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Sweden is a Scandinavian country, along with its northern and western neighbor Norway and its southwestern neighbor Denmark (across the narrow Oresund strait). “Scandinavia” sometimes includes Finland, Sweden’s neighbor to the west, which, though on the Scandinavian Peninsula, is of a different linguistic and ethnic group; and Iceland which, though located roughly a thousand miles from the Scandinavian Peninsula across the Norwegian Sea, was settled by seafaring Scandinavians, the Norsemen (also known as “Vikings”), over a millennium ago. Icelandic is part of the same language group as Swedish, Norwegian and Danish.

The Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), an exclave of Russia, and Poland and Germany are all a short distance across the Baltic Sea. St. Petersburg, Russia, is some 700 kilometers east of Sweden’s capital and largest city, Stockholm, across the Baltic and through the Gulf of Finland.

Like most northern European countries (as well as France), Sweden has some interesting connections to English language and literature. The oldest major work in English, “Beowulf,” features a hero who was a Geat, one of the tribes which, with the Swedes and the Gutes, became the modern Swedish people. The story, though, is set in Denmark.

By area, Sweden is the EU’s third-largest country (behind France and Spain), though only the 55th (of 196) in the world. Its population ranks 89th globally, most of which — as in many northern countries — is concentrated in the more temperate south. The population density is 198th of 246 countries and dependencies in the world.

Sweden has one of a dozen remaining monarchies in Europe. Carl XVI Gustaf has reigned since 1973; his heir apparent is his daughter, Crown Princess Victoria. This is a result of the passage in 1980 of a law which established absolute primogeniture; before that, her infant younger brother, Prince Carl Philip, was the Crown Prince.

Sweden is predominantly Christian (70 percent), most of whom are members of the now disestablished Church of Sweden.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. traveling by sea

2. no longer official

3. baby before he/she can walk

4. one who will likely inherit something

5. narrow passage of water

6. period of a thousand years

7. governments headed by monarchs (kings, queens, etc.)

8. ruled, been in power

9. groups determined by language

10. passing of power to the firstborn

 

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