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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Myanmar: Let the journey begin
    2018-03-29  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Myanmar is another country with a different name from when I was a kid — supposedly.

In fact, both “Myanmar” and “Burma” — the old name — are transliterations of the name “Brahma Desha” (“Land of Brahma,” a Hindu god). Both names are still used within the country, and in 2016 national leader Aung San Suu Kyi indicated that foreigners were free to use either one.

Nevertheless, the currently-accepted formal name is the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, while the language, the script and even the people are generally referred to as “Burmese” (the words “Myanma” and “Myanmese” seem not to have caught on).

It is an ancient country, with city-states dating to the second century B.C. It is bordered on the west by Bangladesh and India, on the north and northeast by China, and on the east by Laos and Thailand. The Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal lie to the southwest. Naypyidaw is its capital, and Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon) its largest city. Long a Theravada country, in the 16th century it was the center of the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia’s mainland, under the Taungoo Dynasty.

Later, in the early 19th century, the Konbaung Dynasty held an area that encompassed not just modern Myanmar but also Manipur and Assam, now in northeast India. It then came under British administration and remained a colony until independence in 1948. It was a democratic nation until a coup d’état in 1962, when it became a military dictatorship, a condition that held until 2011.

Though its human rights record and foreign relations have improved since then, criticism continues over the government’s treatment of ethnic minorities and clashes based on religion. The Human Development Index ranks it 145th out of 188 countries in human development.

Here’s a fun fact: Along with Liberia and the United States, Myanmar is one of only three countries in the world that have not adopted the metric system as the official form of measurement (though it is widely used).

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. way of measuring based on the meter

2. overthrow of a government

3. earlier, southern form of Buddhism; the other is Mahayana

4. ways of writing in a different “alphabet”

5. conflicts, battles

6. sovereign nation comprised mainly of one city

7. generally believed, but not certainly true

8. included, surrounded

9. became popular or commonly used

10. series of rulers from one family

 

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