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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Poland: Move your imagination
    2018-04-17  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

When I was a teen, one of those unfair crazes came through that labeled Polish people as stupid. “Polack jokes” were told everywhere, even on mainstream TV. In the midst of all that, my brother started dating a 100-percent Polish girl (they have now been married for decades).

The injustice of the whole thing became obvious to me when I saw how clever she was. I then began to learn of some famous Poles (the proper demonym for a person from Poland). Scientist Marie Curie, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, was Polish; so was the great composer Frederic Chopin. Even before them, one Mikolaj Kopernik became better known to the world as Nicolaus Copernicus, who moved the sun rather than the earth to the center of our solar system. And of course, from 1978 to his death in 2005, Karol Jozef Wojtyla made headlines as Pope John Paul II, leader of the Roman Catholic Church, and the first non-Italian pope in four and a half centuries.

Poland is located in northern Europe, with the Baltic Sea forming its northern border. An exclave of Russia stands on the northeast; Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine on the east; Slovakia and the Czech Republic along the south, east to west; and Germany on the west. The crossing of this last border by Nazi troops in September 1939 signaled the beginning of World War II. More than 6 million Poles died during that war, after which Poland became a satellite of the Soviet Union until its re-emergence as a democratic republic in 1989.

As a nation, Poland dates back around 1,000 years. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth formed in 1569 later (in 1791) adopted Europe’s first written national constitution. The country was split up between Austria, Prussia and the Russian Empire at the end of the 18th century, but Poland became briefly independent again in 1918, a condition which ended with the German invasion.

Today, Poland is the sixth most populous member of the European Union. Warsaw is the capital and largest city. Over 87 percent of the people are Roman Catholic.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. article titles in a newspaper

2. coming out again

3. started, created

4. name used for people of a country

5. principal, not alternative or unusual

6. detached portion of a country

7. a star and the planets etc. that go around it

8. unfairness, violation of rights

9. groups of soldiers

10. fads, popular but temporary fashion

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