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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Democratic Republic of the Congo
    2018-05-10  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC or DR Congo) is another of the many countries that’s so busy dealing with ongoing situations that they haven’t done much in the way of developing their tourism infrastructure. So, again, no tourism slogan. But if they follow through on their national motto — “justice, peace, work” (in French, “justice, paix, travail”) — they may prevail yet. But it’s going to be a tough row to hoe.

To put things in perspective, here is an account by one person who did buck the odds and travel in the country: “The most common question was, ‘What are you doing here?’ My reply of ‘Je suis un tourist’ (I am a tourist) was met with baffled looks followed by unnerving laughter.” Even the locals can’t imagine someone wanting to travel there, and laugh at those who do!

Why is that? Experts point to political instability, infrastructure problems and corruption as endemic problems. From 1998 to 2003, the Second Congo War took the lives of about 5.4 million people, with nine African countries and some 20 armed groups involved. (The First Congo War took place just a year or two earlier, in 1996-1997.) Along with adult guerillas, it was estimated that in 2011, 30,000 child soldiers were still in the field.

The country, known as Zaire from 1971 to 1997, is the second-largest in Africa by area (after Algeria), and the 11th largest in the world. In terms of population, it ranks fourth in Africa and 17th in the world. It also has the world’s largest Francophone population.

DR Congo is located (confusingly) southeast of the Republic of the Congo, south of the Central African Republic and South Sudan, west of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania, north of Zambia, and northeast of Angola. It has a tiny coast on the Atlantic Ocean, just 37 kilometers long, lying around 365 kilometers west of the capital, Kinshasa.

Due to its colonial history, French is the DRC’s sole official language, but there are over 240 tribal languages used in the country. Four of these have status as national languages: Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili and Tshiluba.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. characteristic of a specific place

2. difficult task to perform

3. unofficial soldiers

4. succeed, win out

5. confused

6. continuing

7. go against the perceived wisdom

8. standing, recognition

9. French-speaking

10. upsetting, taking away confidence

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