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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
Cyprus in your heart
    2018-05-14  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The island country of Cyprus is the third-largest and third-most populous island in the Mediterranean; Italy’s Sicily and Sardinia are both larger and have greater populations. It is also the easternmost major island in that sea, with its eastern end lying just over 100 kilometers from Syria. To find it on the map, look south of Turkey, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and far east of the Greek island of Crete.

Remnants of human activity have been found in Cyprus beginning around the 10th millennium B.C. Some of the world’s oldest water wells are found on the island. Mycenaean Greeks settled there in the second millennium B.C.; Greek is still one of the official languages (along with Turkish), and Armenian and Cypriot Arabic are minority languages.

Due to its location, Cyprus has been occupied at various times in the past by the Assyrian, Egyptian, Persian and Roman empires, as well as Arab caliphates, the French and the Venetians (people of Venice). The Ottoman Empire ruled for over three centuries, after which Cyprus was administered by the British. Independent since 1960, the island has continued to experience tension between the majority Greek population and the minority Turkish. The national government has de jure control over the entire island, but it is de facto split, with Turkish rule in the island’s northern area, and the rest Greek, with a UN-controlled buffer zone between.

Nevertheless, Cyprus remains a popular tourist destination, and has a high-income economy as well as a very high Human Development Index.

Predictably, most Greek Cypriots consider themselves members of the Greek Orthodox Church, and the Turkish are adherents of Islam. Cypriots are considered an extremely religious people; in fact, Makarios III, the first president of Cyprus, was a Greek Orthodox archbishop.

Cyprus also has its place in literature. It is said that the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite, was born on one of its beaches. An epic poem, the “Cypria,” composed in the late seventh century B.C., tells of the Trojan War. Alas, it is no longer extant.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. created, written

2. according to law

3. ruins, remains

4. in practice

5. those spoken by a small(er) number of people

6. government ruled by a Muslim spiritual leader

7. neutral area between hostile sides

8. able to be foretold

9. sadly

10. stress, strain

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