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在线翻译:
szdaily -> China -> 
‘Poverty king’ shakes off absolute poverty
    2020-11-19  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

2020 is the year in which China will achieve the development goals of winning the battle against poverty and completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We are publishing a series of stories to present the country’s latest efforts on the way leading to a more harmonious and flourishing society.

XIHAIGU, one of China’s poorest areas located in Northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, has achieved a historic feat in eliminating absolute poverty.

Xihaigu is a largely mountainous region that was labeled the “most unfit place for human settlement” by the United Nations in the 1970s due to land reclamation, drought and a fragile ecological environment. The situation was so severe that the region came to be known as China’s “poverty king.”

On Monday, Xiji, the last poor county in the region, was removed from the list of poverty-stricken counties, marking the end of poverty in all nine poor counties in Xihaigu amid the country’s efforts to eradicate absolute poverty by the end of 2020.

“Wiping out absolute poverty in Xihaigu not only fully demonstrates the advantages of China’s socialist system but also provides a valuable reference for the global poverty reduction cause,” said Li Wenqing, an expert with the Ningxia Academy of Social Sciences.

In the 1980s, China implemented a large-scale program for development-oriented poverty relief in its northwestern regions, and Xihaigu was included.

Since then, technology, funding, workers and policy support have flown into Xihaigu, with the main objective of helping impoverished people to shake off absolute poverty.

Lannitan, which means “muddy pit” in English, is one of the poorest villages in Xiji County. True to its name, dirt roads in the destitute village have existed for centuries.

Due to the terrible living conditions and scarce job opportunities, about one-third of the households in Lannitan have left, and villager Su Xiaoping also planned to move four years ago. “It was too hard to survive. Who wants to leave their hometown to make a living?” Su said.

In 2017, a 10-kilometer road was built, linking the village with the outside world, and also bringing confidence and hope to all remaining villagers. Meanwhile, with the support of the local government, Lannitan began to develop its cattle industry.

Like other villagers, Su was given preferential bank loans and started to raise cows and plant corn. In 2017, he earned over 50,000 yuan (US$7,500), bringing his family off the village’s list of impoverished households.

In 2018, villagers voted to change the name of their home from Lannitan to Hanjiang, meaning “embracing the water.”

The village’s experience epitomizes that of Xiji. There were 238 poverty-stricken villages and around 155,000 people living below the poverty line in Xiji in 2014. Today, the number has dropped to zero.

(Xinhua)

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